Not really mods, but sound files, working with CM. Attacking a tank with one would be like attacking a fly with a sledge hammer. Is it possible to get a copy of the last picture shown in this series, the one by ” night fighters”. Early prototypes of the Stuka featured stabilizing double-fin tail-plane configurations yet weren’t fitted with dive brakes. Produced by two small propellors on the gears this has become the sound most closely associated with the Luftwaffe. After the enemy became used to it, however, they were withdrawn. Here are 11 remarkable facts about this famous warplane. The Stuka Siren was not just a decorative piece for the Ju 87, it actually served a purpose. Many of us first heard it in them cartoons after while flying down from an impossible height. The maximum dive-speed was 600 km/h (373 mph). In fact, the Ju 87 was a critical contributor to Axis victory in a number of campaigns in the war’s opening years. Each plane looked for its target, flying parallel to its neighbor, at approach angles of 30 to 40 degrees, aiming with the whole aircraft through the reflex sight, at the center of the tank, then dropping 500-kg bombs with tank busting head into the tank’s side while making an extremely low pass above the ground.”. What was … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! But for others, it would become a psychological terror that spelled impending death. The sound was meant to be memorable, weaken the morale of the enemy, and cause mass fear of the German dive-bomber. ✔ Elevator at cruise position The Premier Online Military History Magazine. Currently in-game stuka sirens can only be heard by the pilot , the units on the ground or even planes next to it dont hear the siren at all. But it soon became evident that the dive-bombers were no match for British Hurricanes and Spitfires. In actually, many Stuka pilots hated these sirens because they were just as bothersome to them as they were to their enemies. Stuka Siren? They first flew in action in 1936 when a single experimental Ju 87 was secretly deployed to fight alongside nationalist forces. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of any material on this site without express and written permission from the author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Anybody who wants to incorporate them into a "real" sound mod: Feel free. The Soviet resistance had clearly stiffened here. They approached single tanks in Ketten and from the side, from south to north or vice versa. The Ju 87 Stuka aircraft’s fixed undercarriages provided sturdy platforms for takeoffs and landings on improvised airfields in the field, but at the cost of airspeed due to drag.. On 15 August 1939 during a mass-formation dive-bombing demonstration for high-ranking commanders of the Luftwaffe, disaster struck. The JU 87 planes sometimes also carried a Leica 250 GG Reporter camera in the centre bottom surface of the fuselage but angled forwards, fitted with MOOEV 24V electric motor drives. It was all for a propaganda effect. The 1000 kg bomb was for attacking armoured ships. ✔ Rudder trip at cruise position I have one of the earlier (1934) Leica 250 FF Reporter cameras (246 made) without a motor drive. The siren was a non-issue, though it was removed later in the war for weight-saving measures. So if the Stuka has a siren the people driving the tanks or what ever would be saying "Sh*t!! ✔ Contact altimeter set to release altitude Although the Stukas, refined from time to time, were used throughout the war, their maximum speed was just 210 miles per hour (335 km per hour), and they proved no match for the British combination of early … I did some research on more ju87 variants, and as in the photos above, my sources did correspond. © Valve Corporation. Never has a warplane so obsolete, vulnerable and technologically basic wrought so much damage to its enemies as did the Junkers Ju-87 Stuka. During the Norwegian campaign for example, Ju 87 formations sunk two destroyers, crippled a pair of cruisers and posed a deadly threat to Royal Navy surface operations in the region. The Stuka Siren is a particular siren that comes from solely the air-propelled siren of the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka Dive Bomber, a German airplane known for bombing in the events of Dunkirk during World War II. It also had large film cassettes holding between 7 and 10 metres of 35mm film (The Leica KOOBF cassettes for the 250 hold 10 metres of 35mm film). Stuka siren. The Ju 87 was inspired by American dive-bombers like the Curtiss F8C (Image source: WikiCommons) The Stuka: An American idea. Once they got the canons, they used them, but prior to that the Stuka was still an effective tank killer. The motor drive models fetch upwards of half a million Euros. In fact, it would soldier on in various roles long after the tide had turned against the Nazis. As the Stuka became increasingly vulnerable to Allied fighters in daylight operations, the Luftwaffe created special Nachtschlachtgruppen (NSGr) or “Night Attack Groups”. Your donations help keep MHN afloat. Dive-bombing, while notably more accurate than level-bombing, has its flaws. Based on the earlier D-3 variant, this new version was armed with two under-slung 37-mm cannons. also, if you know how the aerodynamic worked , please expain also. “Of the 800 herders who went to the northern front in 1941, 200 never returned. its a Stuka!! And finally, planes might also carry a 50kg (110 lb) fragmentation weapon, the SC50. After 1941, few Luftwaffe planes were outfitted with the sirens after several complaints were voiced and for the fact that they were merely decorative. The aircraft is easily recognisable by its inverted gull … Pilot Hans-Ulrich Rudel claimed in his memoire Stuka Pilot to have destroyed 519 tanks, sunk the battleship Marat, and shot down 52 aircraft mostly while flying a Stuka. Junkers Ju-87 or Stuka dive bomber equipped with the siren. Most media portrays the siren as part of any non-jet airplane diving, but this siren was attached to only these airplanes, built into their wheel struts with propellers … The sound was intended to scare enemies and cause them to scramble in order to … The Junkers had a wind-powered siren under its nose (later mounted to the front upper section of each fixed landing gear strut) that wailed during dives to frighten its victims. If you are interested, just PM me. When the Ju 87 Stuka attacked tanks it used 2 37mm cannons that were attached to it’s wings. In that time, only 31 of the planes were lost (out of a total of 285 Nazi aircraft destroyed in the two-week campaign). Learn how your comment data is processed. More would follow in the coming months. If you need a refresher on how iconic the sound of the Stuka Siren, look no further than this video. Hans-Ulrich Rudel flew the Stuka to win the most decorations of any German solider in WW 2. The aircraft, designated D-7 and D-8, were outfitted with eliminators to mask their exhausts, ultraviolet lighting behind the instrument panel and special night reflector sights or nachtrevi. The very sound of these sirens instilled fear into enemies and could make them drop whatever they were doing to get out of harm’s way. IT WOULD BE difficult to come up with a more potent symbol of the German Blitzkrieg of World War Two than the Ju 87 Sturzkampfflugzeug or “Stuka”. The Stuka dive bomber became the symbol of Germany’s swift and terrifying Blitzkrieg (lightning war) tactics in the early years of World War II. In all, Rudel flew 2,530 sorties on the Eastern Front, and survived the loss of a leg (amputated below the knee) when he was shot down in February of 1945. But the Stuka was more than just a terror weapon – its ability to deliver bombs where needed with then unheard of precision made it a potent war machine that crippled the defenders of both Poland and France. also , was this meaning the same in German? Stuka squadrons that took part in the invasion of Western Europe in 1940 were outfitted with four main types of bombs: The most common load-out for a Stuka was a single SC250 beneath the fuselage and four SC50s under the wings. After the Normandy landings, three NSGr operated in Western Europe. The Stuka had a dedicated autopilot system that automatically brought it to a dive when the pilot extracted the dive brakes, prevented damaging pilot stirring during the dive while not limiting the pilot's ability to aim, and then automatically pulled the aircraft out of the dive and back to level flight when the bomb was dropped. During his trip, the 36-year-old fighter pilot witnessed a Curtiss F8C Helldiver make a simulated dive bombing attack at an air show. ✔ Throttle fully closed Which 3 Of These 7 Top WWII Fighter Planes Would You Put On Your Team? In 1931, Ernst Udet, the second-highest scoring German fighter ace of the First World War and future Luftwaffe architect, was in the United States to take part in a stunt flying display. This was to asses bombing accuracy and target content. It was the skill of the pilots in dive-bombing tactics that made the Stuka so deadly against ships. “We came across throngs of Polish troops, against which our 100-lb fragmentation bombs were deadly,” one pilot recalled. “The howling sound distracted and upset not only the enemy but also the crew. Ironically, the decorated ace was considered a lacklustre pilot earlier in his career. Despite the annoyances of the Stuka siren, they were quite effective in psychological warfare. “After that, we went almost down to the deck firing our machine guns. He also destroyed 150 artillery pieces, 70 landing craft, nine aircraft, four armoured trains, several bridges, a destroyer, two cruisers, and even the Soviet battleship Marat. Later, in the Mediterranean, Ju 87s proved their worth, putting the Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious out of action in January 1941. Only the Stuka Dive Bombers carried sirens. Well this sux, only good thing about the early stuka was the siren, and client side only, come on we as germans allready have crap planes in sim, they got the p47 and the il2, the only fun thing is gone now aswell, given that we never get the early models in sim anyways, always the d and g which sux, cause they can pick 5 versions of the il2 and 3 of the p47. This barrier consisted of 200 to 300 tanks, and it was the first time we came in contact with such a mass of tanks. The planes dived through a cloud bank and expected to release their … The notorious single-engine, two-man, dive-bomber’s iconic ‘gull wings’ and ‘spatted’ undercarriage are as unmistakable as the plane’s instantly recognizable wailing siren, dubbed the “Jericho Trumpet” (♬ LISTEN TO IT HERE). These were activated automatically when the dive brakes were deployed. Siren devices were attached to the wings’ leading edge just forward of the Stuka’s fixed landing gear. Stukas made their combat debut as part of the German contingent to the Spanish Civil War — the Condor Legion. As British Admiral Andrew Cunningham put it, while observing the Ju 87 attacks on Illustrious: “We could not but admire the skill and precision of it all.”, You can find out more about the Ju 87 STUKA in a “Rapid Read” eBook Stuka Tank Busters ’43, available for £1.99 (or dollar equivalent) on Amazon and also on the German War Machine website:www.germanwarmachine.com, the curtiss plane he brought back was the f8c falcon, the hawk wasn’t in service till after he returned to germany…, Bill Hoertel. Although most picture the Stuka screaming down onto enemy tanks, trucks and soldiers, it’s arguable that the plane’s greatest successes came when it was used against enemy shipping. Udet even brought two U.S. dive bombers back to Germany (the Curtiss Hawk version of the Helldiver). The planes’ nocturnal tactics involved a lead plane dropping flares to illuminate a target while other Stukas swooped in for the attack. Thank you. “[French artillerymen] simply stopped firing and went to the ground, the infantrymen cowered in the trenches, dazed by the crash of the bombs and the shriek of the dive bombers.”. Stukas were equipped with sirens which were called Jericho trumpets. Hans-Ulrich Rudel was the most successful Ju 87 pilot of the war and was the lone recipient of Germany’s Knight’s Cross with Golden Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. We all know that sound, the iconic howling from a Junkers Ju-87 fighter as it comes in for the kill. Was A German Invasion Of Great Britain Actually Possible? In actually, many Stuka pilots hated these sirens because they were just as bothersome to them as they were to their enemies. All rights reserved. Wind-driven sirens were mounted on the fixed landing gear for psychological effect, and this effect was enhanced by the addition of cardboard sirens to the bombs. As expected, the Luftwaffe soon pulled its Ju 87s frontline service. The siren rang when the plane used to dive for the bombing. The Trumpets of Jericho – How the Luftwaffe Used Sirens Attached To Stuka Dive Bombers To Cause Panic And Fear Among Their Enemies. ✔ Dive brakes open. Perhaps no weapon was as closely associated with the Nazi German in early in World War II as the Stuka dive bomber, infamous for howling, near-vertical dive attacks on warships, battlefield targets and defenseless civilian communities like merciless birds of prey.. However, the Stuka’s reputation did not survive the war it helped kick-off as it proved less and … Does anyone know what was attached to Stuka’s so they could land in snow? The Stuka Siren is a particular siren that comes from solely the air-propelled siren of the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka Dive Bomber, a German airplane known for bombing in the events of Dunkirk during World War II. Meet the Landsknechts – 10 Wild Facts About the Most Murderous Mercenaries of the Renaissance, The Ho Chi Minh Trail – Nine Quick Facts About North Vietnam's Infiltration Super Highway, The heaviest was a 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) tank-busting. You can hear it just watching this gif. Has anyone got a photograph of the electrically driven Killfit Robot (24mm x 24mm images) camera, which were fitted in the tail of some JU 87 aircraft, to assess bombing damage. During his trip, the 36-year-old fighter pilot … The Killfit Robot camera had to be switched on manually at the end of the dive and apparently was often forgotten in the stress or black-out of the pull out. 3 In April 1935, the firms of Arado, Blöhm und Voss, Heinkel, and Junkers were requested to begin work on dive-bomber prototypes, but … The “Idiotic” WWI Aerial Formation The Allies Used In The Second World War, And How It Dealt Them Huge Fighter Losses, Here’s The Latest Video Update Of That Bf 109 Restoration We’re All Waiting For. Where and how did the siren sound from the stuka dive bomber in WWII get the nickname "jericho trumpet"? The Stuka Siren. A lot is said about the Ju-87 Siren, the 'Jericho Trumpet'. Finally, on the Eastern Front, Stukas dealt crippling blows to both the Soviet Black Sea and Baltic fleets. The Stuka was designed as a dive bomber, so … In fact, Stukas would serve in limited numbers in support of Francisco Franco until early 1939. Produced by two small propellors on the gears this has become the sound most closely associated with the Luftwaffe. It became better when you could turn off the propeller by means of a switch.”. These sounds of siren were louder than the bombs and would panic the enemies & the people (as shown in Dunkirk) again how , when and why did it get this nickname? Then you blow it up and the people have nothing to shoot you down with...Half the job is done just with a little siren hehe Yet Rudel claimed 519 tank “kills” while flying Ju 87s. For their part, Stukas decimated the opposition. Yet the Luftwaffe learned valuable lessons about the effectiveness of the Ju 87 as a dive-bomber from the deployment. The Stuka sirens were spun up by air resistance, and changed pitch and volume as air speed increased, causing the siren to spin faster, which is what gave them their unique and ominous tone. That can be helped. These are now very rare (only some 700 250GG models were made and probably less than 100 with the MOOEV motor drive) very few of which survived the war. As soon as the dive brakes were activated, the Stuka’s nose would automatically turn down and the plane would begin its descent. The thundering echo of the Stuka siren served as a method of psychological warfare. The pilot would toggle a knob on the control column that would trigger an automatic pull-out. Once the bombs were released, the contact altimeter warning would light. runnnn!!". It was a handy feature that prevented the plane from ploughing into the ground — during recoveries, crew were subject to a black-out inducing force of some six Gs. […] We detailed one staffel after another. ✔ Cooler flaps closed This in turn would help inform the development of the Stuka. The sirens were known as "Jericho Trumpet" and gave the Stuka a terrifying reputation. The confusion was indescribable.”. In January 1936, one of Junkers’ most experienced test pilots was killed when his starboard tail-fin broke away. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), The Sirens of Death – 11 Amazing Facts About the Ju 87 Stuka, ← “Potato Mashers” and “Christmas Crackers” – WW2 Soldiers Had More Than 20 Nicknames For Their Hand Grenades, Steel Ships at Tsushima – Five Amazing Facts About History’s First Modern Sea Battle →, The Shocking Reason Nazi Germany Crushed France During World War II, How Did Nazi Germany Crush France During World War II So Easily? These were named Jericho-Trompeten, or "Trumpets of Jericho", by Junkers and were a form of psychological warfare.The idea being to terrify the victims and cause panic. So you might be diving down thinking youre scaring their pants off but in the truth is no one can hear your Jericho at all. please explain. They were equipped with a propeller driven siren fitted on each undercarriage leg for the purpose of damaging enemy morale and causing physiological damage. The devices caused a loss of some 20–25 km/h (10-20 mph) through drag. This was used to weaken enemy morale and enhance the intimidation of dive-bombing. They also had a tendency to give away positions and to slow down the speed of the plane during flight. According to Paul-Werner Hozzel, who flew hundreds of sorties as a Stuka pilot, they absolutely used the bombs against tanks. During the early phase of the 1940 Battle of Britain, Stukas proved highly effective against Allied shipping in the English Channel. However, the siren was only included on the earlier models like the JU87A. Stuka Dive Bomber or Junkers JU-87 was fitted with Jericho-Trompete (Jericho trumpet) wailing sirens to terrify the targeted troops. The Stuka’s old dive-bombing mission profiles gave way to tank busting tactics. After the Nazis rose to power, Udet became a champion of to concept of using dive bombing to support ground forces. The Stuka’s maximum speed was only a sluggish 242 mph, while its two wing-mounted MG-17 machine guns and its single rear-facing 7.92 mm weapon were woefully inadequate in the face of the heavily armed and maneuverable RAF fighters. Indeed, the first Stuka pilot Knight’s Cross was awarded to Captain Paul-Werner Hozzel for successfully attacking shipping there. The pilot was unable to pull out of a dive and crashed. ✔ Contact altimeter ON The Night Witches: The “Cat-Eyed” All-Female Stealth Bombing Squad That Owned The Eastern Front, The WWII Plane That Could Ram The Enemy In A Dogfight, Japan Had A Kamikaze Fighter Jet And They Were Determined To Use It, This Jet Just Got Painted Like A D-Day P-47 Thunderbolt, Russian Su-27 Intercepts NATO Fighter Jet – He Got Too Close, A Single Pilot’s Victory Over 4 MiG-15s Was Classified For Over 40 Years, Spitfire Ace Dives Into Sea To Rescue Bf-109 Pilot, WWII Veteran Fires Howitzer for the First Time Since 1944, Intense WWII Dogfight: Zeros Take On F4U Corsairs (Short…, He Chased A German Bf-109 Through Eiffel Tower, And Took…, He Saved 600+ Children From Holocaust- He Doesn’t…. Introducing the "Jeep" -- How Did America's Famous Military 4x4 Get Its Name? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. He died in 1982 at 66. After this, Stukas were fitted with single tail fins and brakes. The spectacle made an impression on the visiting flier. In the early stages of the Battle of Britain, the dive-bombers famously played havoc with British sea traffic in the English Channel. Dive bombing was both physically taxing and intellectually demanding on pilots. I … As far as I know only the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka had a siren mounted on it, the purpose being to instill fear in those on the ground. They also had a tendency to give away positions and to slow down the speed of the plane during flight. Before a bombing run, Stuka crews were required to go through a dizzying checklist that included the following steps: ✔ Landing flaps at cruise position But what lies behind the story of the Stuka's claim to fame? All trademarks are property of their respective owners in the US and other countries. Ju 87s flew almost 6,000 sorties during “Case White” the German invasion of Poland. Although the plane’s ‘heavy artillery’ couldn’t hope to penetrate the front armour of the Red Army’s T-34, they could easily blast through the sides and back of any Soviet armoured vehicle. In 1931, Ernst Udet, the second-highest scoring German fighter ace of the First World War and future Luftwaffe architect, was in the United States to take part in a stunt flying display. In fact, an improved G-model came into use early in 1943 on the Eastern Front. In one day alone (Aug. 18), British planes shot down 18 Stukas. During that time, at least one was lost in action. The demonstrators played a key role in making dive bombing central to Luftwaffe doctrine. ✔ Supercharger set at automatic In fact, a total of 59 of the dive-bombers were destroyed in aerial combat during the summer of 1940. | CENSORED.TODAY, The Real Reason Hitler Conquered France So Quickly | taktik(z) GDI, Cross of Iron – 12 Facts About Germany’s Best-Known Military Medal - MilitaryHistoryNow.com, Dashing Through the Snow – The Unbelievable Reindeer Corps of World War Two, Flying Colours – A Short but Vivid History of Warplane Insignia, The Battle of the Atlantic – Inside the Second World War’s Most Important Campaign. People also ask, why did the Stuka scream? I have two files available. From the Wikipedia article: "Upon the leading edges of its faired main gear legs were mounted the Jericho-Trompete ("Jericho trumpet") wailing sirens, becoming the propaganda symbol of German air power and the blitzkrieg victories of … As far as the Stuka goes, by the time the target hears the siren, the plane's usually already past the tip-off point. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. From his 1978 lecture to the US Naval War College discussing the Battle of Stalingrad, “The Soviets, knowing out intention to take Stalingrad, had put up a barrier on the West bank of the Don, in front of this town. Probably the most iconic German aircraft during WWII, the Stuka dive bomber became the symbol of a string of successful campaigns in the early stages of the war. The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") was a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.Designed by Hermann Pohlmann, it first flew in 1935.The Ju 87 made its combat debut in 1937 with the Luftwaffe's Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War and served the Axis forces in World War II.. To the people on the ground being bombed by the stuka it would have sounded like a sirens. Although the Ju 87 was fast becoming obsolete in the West, it wasn’t the end for the Stuka.